This study examines the generation of large scale vortices caused by flow separation from a flat wing at various angles of attack. Time-resolved particle image velocimetry is used to determine the evolution and convective characteristics of the large scale structures. A rectangular airfoil with aspect ratio of 0.5 is used and data are collected at a Reynolds number of 23,500, for angles of attack from 0° to 20°. Data consists of two dimensional velocity fields obtained at 500 Hz located at the airfoil centerline. The region of interest is near the separation point but fields of view extend over approximately one half of the chord length from the leading edge to document the downstream progression of the large scale vortical flow elements. The velocity data were processed to identify the vorticity field dynamics in terms of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability occurring near the leading edge. The vortical structures are identified using vortex detection based on local circulation. The convective nature of the vortex elements are shown to consist of merging, stalling and convecting, with convective velocities on the order of 20% of the freestream velocity with an associated Stouhal number based on chord length and freestream velocity of approximately 1.0.
Dynamic Characteristics of Flow Separation From a Low Reynolds Number Airfoil
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Morse, DR, & Liburdy, JA. "Dynamic Characteristics of Flow Separation From a Low Reynolds Number Airfoil." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. San Diego, California, USA. July 30–August 2, 2007. pp. 941-950. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2007-37083
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