The breakup of a liquid capillary filament is analyzed as a viscous potential flow near a stagnation point on the centerline of the filament towards which the surface collapses under the action of surface tension forces. The analysis given her is restricted to cases in which the neckdown is symmetric around the stagnation point. We find that the neck is of parabolic shape and its radius collapses to zero in a finite time; the curvature at the throat tends to zero much faster than the radius, leading ultimately to a microthread of nearly uniform radius. During the collapse the tensile stress due to viscosity increases in value until at a certain finite radius, which is about 1.5 microns for water in air, the stress in the throat passes into tension, presumably inducing cavitation there.
Symmetric Model of Capillary Collapse and Rupture (Keynote)
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Lundgren, TS, & Joseph, DD. "Symmetric Model of Capillary Collapse and Rupture (Keynote)." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B. San Diego, California, USA. July 30–August 2, 2007. pp. 569-576. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2007-37262
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