A new set of experiments have been performed in order to study the effects of the upstream conditions and the surface roughness on a zero pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer. In order to properly capture the x-dependence of the single point statistics, consecutive measurements of 11 streamwise locations were performed. These 2-D Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) measurements enable us to use the full boundary layer equations in order to calculate the skin friction and determine the boundary layer development which is not possible in the majority of experiments on rough surfaces. It will be shown that for fixed experimental conditions (i.e., fixed upstream wind tunnel speed, trip wire, etc), the velocity deficit profiles collapse for each of the scalings investigated but only the Zagarola/Smits scaling (1998) could collapse all the different experimental conditions into a single curve. In addition, the Reynolds stresses were increasingly affected by the surface roughness as the roughness parameter, k+, increased. Moreover, it was found that the shape of the Reynolds stress profiles was very different throughout the entire boundary layer, particularly the < u2 > component. This is likely the result of the flow becoming more isotropic for increased k+, and will be seen in the anisotropy coefficients. Moreover, increased production of < u2 > and < uv > due to roughness is also seen throughout the entire boundary layer although its overall role in the changing shape of the < u2 > profiles still needs to be determined. The effect of roughness on the boundary layer parameters is also evident and their x-dependence is also shown.

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