A series of experiments were conducted on an oscillating airfoil in subsonic flow. The model was oscillated in two types of motions, pitch and plunge, at different velocities, and reduced frequencies. In addition, steady data were acquired and examined to furnish a baseline for analysis and comparison. The imposed variables of the experiment were reduced frequency, mean incident angle, amplitude of motion, and free stream velocity as well as the surface grit roughness. The unsteady aerodynamic loads were calculated using surface pressure measurements, 64 ports, along the chord for both upper and lower surfaces of the model. Particular emphases were placed on the effects of different type of motion on the unsteady aerodynamic loads of the airfoil at pre-stall, near stall, and post stall conditions. Variations of the aerodynamic coefficients with equivalent angle of attack for both pitching and plunging motions showed strong sensitivity to the reduced frequency, oscillation amplitude, Reynolds number, and mean angles of attack.

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