Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) was used to compute the effect of two bends in perpendicular planes on the performance of 4-inch Venturi tubes with β = 0.4, 0.6 and 0.75 for water at a Reynolds number of 350,000 and at various distances from the bend. Two types of Venturi tubes were analysed, the first having a standard convergent angle of 21°, the second having a non-standard convergent angle of 10.5°. Good agreement with experiment was obtained. Swirling axisymmetric flows were computed to help interpret experimental data.
Swirling Flow Through Venturi Tubes of Convergent Angle 10.5° and 21°
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Gibson, J, & Reader-Harris, M. "Swirling Flow Through Venturi Tubes of Convergent Angle 10.5° and 21°." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 2nd Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated With the 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Fora. Miami, Florida, USA. July 17–20, 2006. pp. 953-962. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2006-98229
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