The control of subsonic high lift induced separation on airfoil may improve the flight envelope of current aircraft or even simplify the complex and heavy high-lift devices on commercial airframes. Until now, synthetic jets have proved a really interesting efficiency to delay or remove even leading-edge located separated areas on high-lift configuration but are not efficient for real scale aircrafts. In case of pressure-like separation (i.e. from trailing-edge), synthetic jets can be replaced by so the called “Vortex Generator Jets” which create strong longitudinal vortices that increase mixing in inner boundary layer and consequently the skin friction coefficient is increased to prevent separation. In this study, numerical simulations were undertaken on a generic three dimensional flat plate in order to quantify the effect of the longitudinal vortices on the natural skin friction coefficient. Both counter and co-rotative devices were tested at different exhaust velocities and distances between each others. Finally co-rotative vortex generators jets were tested on a three dimensional generic airfoil ONERA D. Results show a delay of the separation occurence but this solution does not seem to be as robust as synthetic jets. The study of jets spacing with respect to the efficiency of the devices shows a maximum for a given ratio of spacing to exhaust velocity.
Control of Separated Boundary-Layer on Subsonic Airfoil Using Vortex Generator Jet Devices
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Kourta, A, Petit, G, Courty, JC, & Rosenblum, JP. "Control of Separated Boundary-Layer on Subsonic Airfoil Using Vortex Generator Jet Devices." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 2nd Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated With the 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Fora. Miami, Florida, USA. July 17–20, 2006. pp. 785-789. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2006-98540
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