The flow field behind surface mounted detached square ribs over an approaching flat plate turbulent boundary layer has been studied. The Reynolds number based on the rib height has been set equal to 11075. The ratio of gap size from the flat plate surface to the square rib size has been varied between 0.2 and 1.0. The ratio of the approaching boundary layer thickness to the rib height is equal to 0.2. The PIV (2-component and stereo) technique in both stream wise and cross-stream measurement planes have been implemented. The PIV data has been acquired at two different resolutions. The high resolution measurements have been used to show the flow field at immediate downstream of the detached ribs. The oil flow visualization study has been carried out to relate the surface flow patterns to that of the flow structures. The mean and rms velocity field, average stream wise and span wise vorticity field, turbulent energy production and stream traces have been reported. The invariant of the velocity gradient tensor has been calculated to distinguish between the rotational and shear contribution of the vorticity field. The recirculation bubbles with foci like structure behind the detached ribs are displaced upward and its size drops with an increase in the gap size. The flow below the detached rib is film like flow for lower gap size leading to significant near wall modification of the flow structures. For higher gap size, the viscous effect predominates in the near wall region. The stream traces in the cross stream plane show additional node-saddle patterns in the near wall region indicating greater near wall flow structures and hence better mixing. The turbulence intensity, vorticity and velocity gradient tensor invariant results confirm the efficacy of the detached rib with smaller gap to cylinder size as an effective passive flow control tool for near wall mixing enhancement.

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