In this paper, numerical method for predicting critical cavitation performance in a hydraulic turbine is presented. The prediction method is based on unsteady cavitation flow analysis to use bubble two-phase flow model. The prediction of the critical cavitation performance was carried out for the aixal hydraulic turbine and the francis turbine as a typical examples. Results compared to the experiment showed a good agreement for the volume of cavity and the performance drop off and it was recognized that this method could be used as an engineering tool of a hydraulic turbine development.

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