Static and dynamic characteristics of a mixed flow pump were measured at low flow rate, where the steady characteristic curves show a positive slope. Unsteady flow was measured at upstream and downstream of impeller, as well as on the casing wall of diffuser passage by using a fast response five-hole pitot tube and semi-conductor type pressure transducers. Dynamic response of the pump to the sinusoidal change in flow rate was measured under constant rotational speed. As a result of the unsteady flow measurements, the positive slope of steady characteristic was found to be caused by the impeller tip separation, inlet backflow, and pre-rotation. Moreover, the dynamic characteristics of the pump were found to become unstable with the increased frequency of flow rate.

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