To see the tip clearance effect on a centrifugal compressor, time-resolved flow measurements were carried out at the discharge of a centrifugal compressor impeller, which is 30 deg back swept from radial and operated at the blade tip speed of 260 m/s. Tested were six cases of tip clearance ratio ranged from 0.06 to 0.21. A fast response aerodynamic probe equipped with a single pressure sensor was used for the flow measurements. From the distribution of time-resolved relative velocity, the jet-wake structure was observed. The wake downstream of the splitter blade was located in the shroud-suction corner, but that downstream of the full blade was in the mid-shroud. By increasing the tip clearance, the wake region was increased and the deficit of the relative total pressure governed the wake region, therefore, the loss was enlarged.
Effect of Tip Clearance on the Flow and Performance of a Centrifugal Compressor
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Hong, S, Schleer, M, & Abhari, RS. "Effect of Tip Clearance on the Flow and Performance of a Centrifugal Compressor." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference. Volume 2: Symposia, Parts A, B, and C. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. July 6–10, 2003. pp. 563-569. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2003-45094
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