An experimental study was conducted on the flow structure in the near-wake of a hollow cap with an air bubble attached underneath and a solid object possessing a bubble-like shape. The objective of the study was to elucidate distinguishing wake flow characteristics of the capped bubble relative to the solid. The experiment was performed in a square channel, 80×80mm2 in cross section. The bubble and solid were separately suspended in downward flow of purified water. Both the capped bubble and the solid were ellipsoidal in shape (the cap was shaped to represent the front of an ellipsoidal bubble) and had an approximate volume of 0.8ml. The Reynolds number for the flow, based on the objects’ equivalent diameter and average downward flow velocity (U = 25cm/s), was Re ≅ 2800. Velocity measurements were taken using Particle Image Velocimetry. The obtained velocity data were analyzed to deduce vorticity, turbulent kinetic energy, production, and Reynolds stress. Graphic and numerical comparisons between the two cases were made. The results to date are discussed.
Comparison of Near Wake-Flow Structure Behind a Solid Cap With an Attached Bubble and a Solid Counterpart
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No, H, Call, M, & Tokuhiro, AT. "Comparison of Near Wake-Flow Structure Behind a Solid Cap With an Attached Bubble and a Solid Counterpart." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference. Volume 2: Symposia, Parts A, B, and C. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. July 6–10, 2003. pp. 1721-1725. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2003-45565
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