The rheology and behavior of magnetic fluids in the presence of time-varying magnetic fields is illustrated through three sets of experiments. The first involves measurements of ferrofluid torque on a cylindrical spindle under applied uniform rotating magnetic fields. We measure the torque required to restrain a stationary cylindrical test wall in contact with aqueous ferrofluids subjected to the rotating uniform magnetic field generated by a three-phase AC 2-pole motor stator winding. The torque is found to scale linearly with volume, and to be a function of the applied magnetic field amplitude, frequency and direction of rotation. Measurements show that for ferrofluid entirely inside the cylindrical test wall the torque points in the same direction as the magnetic field rotation pseudovector, whereas for ferrofluid entirely outside the cylindrical wall the torque points in the direction opposite to the field rotation pseudovector. The second set of experiments explores the formation of ordered ferrofluid structures in the gap of a Hele-Shaw cell subjected to simultaneous vertical DC and in-plane horizontal rotating magnetic fields. Finally, the third set of experiments illustrates the effect of applied DC fields on the shape of ferrofluid jets and sheets.

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