Collapsing behavior of cavitation bubbles is a very short phenomenon. In this study a new ultra-high-speed video camera with the maximum frame speed of 106 fps is used to observe the detailed aspects of three cavitation patterns such as separated vortex cavitation in a convergent-divergent channel, Karman-vortex-like cavitation in the wake flow of a circular cylinder and vibratory cavitation in an ultrasonic vibratory apparatus. For a convergent-divergent channel, the re-entrant motion within the separation zone was observed together with bubble collapse in the divergent part. It was found that minute bubbles collapsed in a chain-reaction manner inside the separated zone with the re-entrant motion after the shedding of cavitation cloud. For the wake flow of a circular cylinder, a collapsing motion of cavitation was observed as an axial-collapse type. The successive bubble collapses after the collapse of main bubble were caused due to pressure wave near the flow field. For cavitation in a vibratory apparatus, cavitation bubbles on the vibratory disk surface were examined in detail, especially from the viewpoint of a non-cavitation ring. The disappearance of bubbles spread radially toward the outer region through the motion of vibratory horn.
Observations of Chain-Reaction Behavior at Bubble Collapse Using Ultra High Speed Video Camera
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Sato, K, Shimojo, S, & Watanabe, J. "Observations of Chain-Reaction Behavior at Bubble Collapse Using Ultra High Speed Video Camera." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference. Volume 2: Symposia, Parts A, B, and C. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. July 6–10, 2003. pp. 1347-1352. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2003-45002
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