The response of glass beads was examined in a fully developed turbulent channel flow of air with Reynolds number Reh = 4500 where h is the channel half width. Five sets of monodisperse particles were tested with integral Stokes numbers in the range 0.2–10 at the channel centerplane. Particle-to-air mass loadings were of order 10%. Laser sheets were aligned in streamwise-spanwise flow planes, and seeded, particle-laden flow was imaged with a dual-frame camera. A separation algorithm was used to obtain simultaneous gas and particle velocity measurements of homogeneous flow planes over a range of wall-normal distances. Profiles of single-point velocity statistics including mean and rms slip velocity, particle drift velocity, and gas-particle correlation were computed. In addition, two-point gas-particle and particle-particle velocity correlations were obtained. Near the wall, the gas-gas correlations yielded long, narrow patterns related to near-wall low-speed streaks. At the centerplane, the correlations were broader in the spanwise direction. Gas-particle and particle-particle correlations resembled the gas correlations in shape and size, but the values were smaller. The gas-particle covariance tended toward zero for St = 10. Particle-particle correlations were still significant for St = 4.
Effect of Particle Size on Velocity Correlations in Turbulent Channel Flow
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Khalitov, DA, & Longmire, EK. "Effect of Particle Size on Velocity Correlations in Turbulent Channel Flow." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A, B, C, and D. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. July 6–10, 2003. pp. 445-453. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2003-45730
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