Genetic algorithms have been used to solve many water distribution system optimization problems, but have generally been limited to steady state or quasi-steady state optimization. However, transient events within pipe system are inevitable and the effect of water hammer should not be overlooked. The purpose of this paper is to optimize the selection, sizing and placement of hydraulic devices in a pipeline system considering its transient response. A global optimal solution using genetic algorithm suggests optimal size, location and number of hydraulic devices to cope with water hammer. This study shows that the integration of a genetic algorithm code with a transient simulator can improve both the design and the response of a pipe network. This study also shows that the selection of optimum protection strategy is an integrated problem, involving consideration of loading condition, device and system characteristics, and protection strategy. Simpler transient control systems are often found to outperform more complex ones.

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