Previously, experimental results for the velocity field in a torque converter pump showed strong jet/wake characteristics including backflows and circulatory secondary flows. Navier-Stokes flow models were developed herein to independently analyze the pump pressure-to-suction side jet/wake flow, the core-to-shell side jet/wake flow, and the secondary flows. Two relatively simple models were employed: (i) a rotating 2-D straight-walled duct and (ii) a 180° flow bend. Parametric studies were undertaken to evaluate the effect that operating conditions and geometry had on the characteristics. Using the modified equations for the generation of streamwise vorticity and the results from the two-dimensional jet/wake model for the normal and binormal vorticity components, trends for the secondary flows in the torque converter pump were predicted. Predicted secondary flows in the torque converter pump circulated in the counter-clockwise direction (positive streamwise vorticity) in the pump mid-plane and in the clockwise direction (negative streamwise vorticity) in the pump exit plane. These trends agreed with experimental observations. Both the Reynolds number and the modified Rossby number were seen to have a significant influence on the streamwise vorticity and, thus, on the magnitude of the secondary flow velocities. The pump mid-plane counter-clockwise secondary flow circulation was primarily caused by the interaction of the pressure-to-suction side jet/wake non-uniform flow (and the associated normal vorticity component) with the high radial/axial flow turning angle the flow underwent while passing through blade passage. Similarly, the pump exit plane clockwise secondary flow circulation was caused by the core-to-shell side jet/wake non-uniform flow (and the associated binormal vorticity component) being rotated about a fixed centerline (pump shaft). Thus, the pump streamwise vorticity, which was responsible for the generation circulatory secondary flows, was directly related to the pump jet/wake phenomena.

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