It is commonly perceived that turbulent flows yield turbulent wall fluxes, while laminar flows yield correspondingly laminar wall fluxes. Experiments support a recent theory that turbulent flows can yield laminar wall fluxes if the flow is “persistent.” Adding strong, stationary vortices to a turbulent boundary layer lowers the wall heat flux to a laminar value.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.