Surface temperature fields and statistics are presented for the case of sub-surface grid-generated turbulence impacting an air/water interface. Temperature measurements are obtained with an infrared camera, sensitive in the 3–5 micron wavelength range. Results indicate that increased grid oscillation frequencies, and shallower grid depths, lead to increased surface mixing, yielding lower values of RMS temperature. Non-dimensionalization of the RMS temperatures using the difference in the average surface and the bulk fluid temperatures, collapses the data obtained for different grid depths and oscillation frequencies. This scaling is related to the thermal boundary layer thickness. The results are compared to the baseline case of turbulence due to evaporative convection without an oscillating grid.
Surface Temperature Field Statistics at an Air/Water Interface for Grid-Generated Sub-Surface Turbulence
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Flack, KA, & Smith, GB. "Surface Temperature Field Statistics at an Air/Water Interface for Grid-Generated Sub-Surface Turbulence." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 14–18, 2002. pp. 761-766. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2002-31132
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