The ability of turbulence models to predict self-similar mixing layers is investigated. The influence of velocity is well captured but no model reproduces the sensitivity of the mixing layer to density differences. A correction proposed for boundary layer flows hardly affects mixing layer predictions. A correction is proposed but is not satisfactory. At last, compressible turbulence effects are investigated. Without corrections, models cannot predict the spreading rate reduction. Standard corrections predict too weak a reduction. The sonic eddy concept is validated whatever the turbulence model. A form suitable for Navier-Stokes codes is proposed.
Modelling of Compressibility Effects in Mixing Layer
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Aupoix, B. "Modelling of Compressibility Effects in Mixing Layer." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 14–18, 2002. pp. 593-598. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2002-31271
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