A numerical study of droplet deformation in a high-pressure homogeniser is presented. This work is an attempt to identify flow criteria responsible for droplet break-up in a homogeniser used to produce dispersions for the manufacture of photographic paper. The main goal of this study is to recommend changes to homogeniser flow & geometry, operating conditions or fluid properties that will enhance droplet break-up. Laminar elongation, turbulent stresses within the orifice and downstream turbulence and cavitation have been suggested as possible mechanisms within the homogeniser for droplet rupture. Results for simulations, using a combination of homogeniser and droplet scale computation indicate that droplets are unaffected by local extensional flow or turbulent fluctuations and that other mechanisms must be responsible for droplet break-up.
Numerical Modelling of Droplet Deformation in a High-Pressure Homogeniser
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Whyte, DS, Carnie, S, & Davidson, M. "Numerical Modelling of Droplet Deformation in a High-Pressure Homogeniser." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 14–18, 2002. pp. 161-169. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2002-31305
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