Measurements of the mean velocity vector were conducted to determine the exit angle from an automotive engine cooling fan module. The measurements were made at 15 locations along a radius between the hub and the band. The radius investigated was located in a plane roughly half-way between the blade trailing edge and stator leading edge. A two-component laser Doppler velocimeter and a four-wire hot-wire probe were used to measure the flow fields. It was found that the results obtained from hot-wire anemometry will have significant bias errors when used to measure the velocity vectors between the fan and the stator unless phase-averaged data are obtained with the probe re-oriented by phase. The differences between the techniques occur because the distribution of instantaneous swirl angles is bi-modal. Further, the mean flow angle is close to a local minimum in the probability density function of the swirl angle. This will act to increase errors in measurement devices whose accuracy depends on flow direction (the quantity being measured) such as five-hole probes which are used in industry.
The Measurements of Mean Flow Angles Between an Automotive Fan and Stator
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Kopp, GA, & Martinuzzi, RJ. "The Measurements of Mean Flow Angles Between an Automotive Fan and Stator." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. July 14–18, 2002. pp. 1061-1066. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2002-31431
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