It is shown that critical flow Venturi nozzles need time intervals, i.e., more than five hours, to achieve steady state conditions. During these intervals, the discharge coefficient varies gradually to reach a value inherent to the pressure ratio applied. When a nozzle is suddenly put in the critical condition, its discharge coefficient is trapped at a certain value then afterwards approaches gradually to the inherent value. Primary calibrations are considered to have measured the trapped discharge coefficient, whereas nozzles in applications, where a constant pressure ratio is applied for a long time, have a discharge coefficient inherent to the pressure ratio; inherent and trapped coefficients can differ by 0.03–0.04%.

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