The Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) has been used to simulate the pressure fluctuation of the impeller in an axial flow pump. The results were combined with experiments including high-speed photography and transient pressure measurements to investigate the unstable flow induced by tip leakage vortex (TLV). Numerical results show that maximum predictive error values of head is 2.9%, compared with experimental results. The pressure fluctuation at different monitoring points present a certain regularity, with 3 peaks and 3 troughs in a period, corresponding to the number of blades. The amplitude of pressure fluctuation at P1 (impeller inlet) is the highest among those monitoring points, where the amplitude decreases with the flow rates. The dominant frequency of pressure fluctuation at impeller under cavitation condition is the blade passing frequency (BPF). Besides, there are also N* = 6, 9, 12 and other more harmonic frequencies. The cavitation flow was analyzed with the pressure fluctuation of the blade tip. For the existence of the pressure difference between pressure side and suction side, the pressure at monitoring points change alternately. The amplitude of the fluctuation near tip is affected seriously by the cavitation bubbles, as the cavitation could is a low pressure region with unstable fluctuation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.