Abstract

How microbubbles behave inside turbulent boundary layers are investigated experimentally. Water electrolysis is applied for generation of microbubbles in water, of which electrodes are flash mounted on the solid wall in the upstream section of the measurement area. Four kinds of solid surfaces are examined to compare the microbubble distribution. For a circular cylinder of the radius R = 22 mm at Re = 5,000, we found that microbubbles depart from the surface earlier than the liquid boundary layer. For an elliptic cylinder of the curvature radius of R = 60 mm and a hydrofoil of NACA0040, microbubble injection made the separation point move downstream in the range of 9,000 < Re < 90,000. To compare the effect with the cases of flat solid surfaces (R = infinity), we visualized three-dimensional distribution of microbubbles with color-coded volumetric illumination technique. The result has shown formation of microbubble clusters intermittently, which has Coulomb potential due to negative electric charge on bubble interfaces.

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