The quality of centrifugal pump inlet flow field is an important factor that affecting the performance of pump. Studies have proved that the vortex in the inlet area can also bring an extra flow instability to pump, which results in a hydro-induced vibration. This phenomenon is more common and significant in the pumps with an elbow tube, which is often applied to minimize installation size, before pump inlet. Therefore, it is necessary to look into the influence of inlet flow field instability on pump performance especially the vibration performance. The methods of adjusting pump inlet flow field is also worthy of being studied in the meantime. In this study, the influence of inlet vortex on the performance of centrifugal pump with an elbow inlet tube is investigated by means of CFD analysis. The flow is significantly affected when going through the elbow tube inlet and then turbulence is generated as a result, which enters the impeller at the next moment. The turbulence brings an asymmetrical flow condition at the impeller suction area, which can intensify pressure pulsation and hydro-induced vibration. In order to reduce the turbulence, two modifications on the elbow inlet tube are investigated in this study. A specially designed vane is deployed inside the inlet tube in the MOD1, and the MOD2 is added with two splitter vanes on the basis of the MOD1. The turbulent flow in the elbow inlet tube can be reordered as it is controlled by the vanes. The difference on pump performances that the inlet vane has made is specifically simulated and compared. The flow fields of the inlet tube influenced by the vane is also investigated on the vortex distribution and velocity vector distribution. The MOD1 has a generally smaller pressure fluctuation amplitude than the prototype in the impeller inlet area while the pressure fluctuation amplitude of the MOD2 in the impeller inlet area is stronger than the prototype. It is considered as a consequence of multiple effects, which are, the rise of velocity because of flow area replacement by the vanes making the flow field less stable as well as the wake flow induced by the vanes increasing the instability of the flow field. Therefore, although the flat vanes can help adjusting the flow field, their negative influences also act in the opposite way. It is worthwhile to find the balance between the benefits and the costs in flow field stability of installing adjusting vanes. The selection of parameter, number and installation position needs to be further investigated. The numerical results of the MOD1 are also validated through experimental investigations.

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