Abstract

A single impinging jet (SIJ) produces a high heat transfer rate around an impinging position on an impinging wall, while the heat transfer performance (HTP) decays increasing the distance from the impinging position. Thus in order to overcome the shortcoming of SIJ: the occurrence of both inhomogeneous heat distribution on the wall and the narrow heating area, multiple impinging jets (MIJ) are generally introduced, however, nonuniformity of heat transfer still occurs. Therefore, the viewpoint of new jet control is required in order to further improvement of the uniformity of heat transfer. On the other hand, blooming jets occur with superimposition of axial and helical excitations on the inlet velocity profile. Blooming jets are characterized by vortex rings moving along branches of separate streams. In previous studies, it is observed that blooming jets change its flow pattern with different frequency ratio of axial to helical, and its mixing and diffusion characteristics. However, there are no studies that observe heat transfer performance of the blooming jet. In this study, we conduct a direct numerical simulation of blooming jet that impinges upon the wall, and investigate its flow characteristics and heat transfer performance. As a control parameter, the distance from the wall is varied. From the view of vortex structures and velocity magnitude, it reveals how the generation of flow phenomena are modulated through the blooming control. Further in order to quantify the heat transfer of the blooming, distributions of mean local Nusselt Number are examined. Compared to the uncontrolled jet, it is confirmed that the uniformity of heat transfer is improved, suggesting that the blooming jets can be expected to be useful for the improvement of uniform heat transfer performance of impinging jets.

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