Abstract

Multiple jets are used in industrial processes such as combustion, ventilation and so on, and their improvement of mixing and diffusion is demanded. Unlike single jet, since the jets issuing from nozzles will coalescence, merge or combine with each other, it is necessary to reduce mixing performance such as entrainment from surroundings and spreading into surroundings. It is well known that the characteristics such as mixing and diffusion of the jet are strongly dependent on the large-scale vortex structures being formed near the nozzles. Therefore, an appropriate inflow condition at a nozzle is capable of controlling the large vortex structures near field around the nozzle and improves the mixing performance. In this study, we examine an intermittent control of jets varying the control frequency and the jet spacing so as to reduce the interaction between each jet. We conduct the DNS (direct numerical simulation) of intermittently-controlled two round jets. In order to quantify the mixing efficiency of the intermittent control, statistical entropy and entrainment are examined. Compared to the uncontrolled jet, it is confirmed that the mixing efficiency is markedly improved, suggesting that the intermittent control can be expected to be useful for the improvement of mixing performance of multiple jets.

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