Abstract

We propose a reduced order model for predicting unsteady flows using a data-driven method. As preliminary tests, we use two-dimensional unsteady flow around bluff bodies with different shapes as the training datasets obtained by direct numerical simulation (DNS). Our machine-learned architecture consists of two parts: Convolutional Neural Network-based AutoEncoder (CNN-AE) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM), respectively. First, CNN-AE is used to map into a low-dimensional space from the flow field data. Then, LSTM is employed to predict the temporal evolution of the low-dimensional data generated by CNN-AE. Proposed machine-learned reduced order model is applied to two-dimensional circular cylinder flows at various Reynolds numbers and flows around bluff bodies of various shapes. The flow fields reconstructed by the machine-learned architecture show reasonable agreement with the reference DNS data. Furthermore, it can be seen that our machine-learned reduced order model can successfully map the high-dimensional flow data into low-dimensional field and predict the flow fields against unknown Reynolds number fields and shapes of bluff body. As concluding remarks, we discuss the extension study of machine-learned reduced order modeling for various applications in experimental and computational fluid dynamics.

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