Flutter is a complex problem caused by the interaction between the elastic structure and the flow field around that. In this paper a study of flutter on high speed train external windshield is presented.
Here, a coupling scheme of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational structure dynamics (CSD) is applied to simulate the flutter problems. Specifically, some key technologies like tight coupling method, information transfer and mesh deformation strategy are involved. Repeatedly exchanging information in the sub-iteration of physical time step is basically typical of tight coupling method, which is a second-order accuracy method. This flutter methodology has been applied for standard model AGARD 445.6 wing and other engineering examples, with lots of excellent results obtained.
In this high speed train external windshield flutter research, eight train speed conditions are chosen to simulate the flutter issue, including 250km/h, 300km/h, 350km/h, 400 km/h, 450 km/h, 500 km/h, 550 km/h and 600 km/h. As for structural model, the first 30 order modes of elastic windshield are taken into consideration for CFD/CSD coupling simulation. In addition, it is defined to be the flutter boundary once the generalized displacement curve performing as persistent oscillation, which is the critical stable state for the vibration of external windshield. According to the research, under a specific train speed condition, adjustment of modal eigenfrequency can lead to the change of vibration stability. Furthermore, it is found that there is a positive correlation between train speed and modal eigenfrequency. So the optimal windshield scheme under different operating speeds is proposed that in order for the convergent vibration, a measure of changing eigenfrequency can be taken to ensure the vibration convergent and flutter cannot occur.