Abstract

In this study, the wake structure around freestream-aligned cylinder is investigated and its aerodynamic characteristics are discussed. A magnetic suspension and balance system (MSBS) was used to support a model without interference from a mechanical support device. Seven models with the fineness ratio (length to diameter, L/D) of 0.5, 1.0, 1.25, 1.5, 1.75, 2.0, and 2.25 were used. Reynolds number based on the cylinder diameter were 3.2 × 104 and 6.3 × 104. The velocity field was obtained by particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the center plane of the cylinder. In the case of fineness ratio over 1.5, the reattachment of shear layer was observed from the mean velocity field. The characteristic fluctuation of velocity was confirmed in power spectral density of streamwise component and vertical component. The length of the recirculation region is different depending on fineness ratio. The characteristic frequencies of the velocity fluctuation which seems to be due to recirculation bubble pumping and large-scale structure are observed from power spectrum density.

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