Transport and deposition of micro and nano-particles in the upper tracheobronchial tree were analyzed using a multi-level asymmetric lung bifurcation model. The multi-level lung model is flexible and computationally efficient by fusing sequence of individual bifurcations with proper boundary conditions. Trachea and the first two generations of the tracheobronchial airway were included in the analysis. In these regions, the airflow is in turbulent regime due to the disturbances induced by the laryngeal jet. Anisotropic Reynolds stress transport turbulence model (RSTM) was used for mean the flow simulation, together with the enhanced two-layer model boundary conditions. Particular attention is given to evaluate the importance of the “quadratic variation of the turbulent fluctuations perpendicular to the wall” on particle deposition in the upper tracheobroncial airways.

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