Turbulent liquid/gas phase interface dynamics are at the core of many applications. For example, in atomizing flows, the properties of the resulting liquid spray are determined by the interplay of fluid and surface tension forces. The resulting dynamics typically span 4–6 orders of magnitude in length scales, making direct numerical simulations exceedingly expensive. This motivates the need for modeling approaches based on spatial filtering or ensemble averaging. In this paper, a dual-scale modeling approach is presented to describe turbulent two-phase interface dynamics in a large-eddy-simulation-type spatial filtering context. To close the unclosed terms related to the phase interface arising from filtering the Navier-Stokes equation, a resolved realization of the phase interface dynamics is explicitly filtered. This resolved realization is maintained on a high-resolution over-set mesh using a Refined Local Surface Grid approach  employing an un-split, geometric, bounded, and conservative Volume-of-Fluid method . The required model for the resolved realization of the interface advection velocity includes the effects of sub-filter surface tension, dissipation, and turbulent eddies. Results of the dual-scale model are compared to recent direct numerical simulations of an interface in homogeneous isotropic turbulence .
A Dual-Scale LES Subgrid Model for Turbulent Liquid/Gas Phase Interface Dynamics
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Herrmann, M. "A Dual-Scale LES Subgrid Model for Turbulent Liquid/Gas Phase Interface Dynamics." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME/KSME 2015 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Symposia. Seoul, South Korea. July 26–31, 2015. V001T21A001. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2015-21052
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