Recent years, the vertical-axis water turbine (VAWT) is widely used for converting the kinetic energy of the moving water in open flow and with low static head like river and tidal sites. Conventional numerical methods such as disk-stream tube method and vortex panel method have some drawbacks to predict the behaviors and characteristics of the vertical-axis tidal stream turbine. This paper had treated the hydrodynamic performance of a VAWT model experimentally and numerically. Based on the present research, a 6-DOF method coupled with CFD suitable to simulate the rotor movement and predict the hydraulic performance for a VAWT was proposed. Compared with the experiments, the numerical results for the performance of the VAWT model were reasonable. It is also noted that there is a maximum power coefficient near tip speed ratio of 2.5 for the test model.

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