In this work, we studied the deformation behavior of a droplet under the various flow conditions. The droplet deformation is calculated by a level-set method. In order to determine the acting force on a particle in shear flow field, we propose the feedback forces which can maintain particle position with efficient handling of deformation. Computations were carried out to investigate the deformation behavior of a droplet caused by the surrounding gaseous flow and the effect of the deformation on the droplet characteristics with various dimensionless parameters. Based on the numerical results, we observed that drag and lift forces acting on a droplet depend strongly on the deformation. Also, the present method is proven to be applicable to a three-dimensional deformation of droplet in shear flow, which cannot be properly analyzed by the previous studies. The drag and lift forces obtained from the present numerical method are favorably compared with the data reported in the literature.

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