The present study deals with unsteady laminar fluid flow phenomena around a pair of diamond-shaped cylinders in free stream. Emphasis is placed on the effects of the Reynolds number, Re, and the ratio of cylinder separation distance to length of diamond-shaped cylinder, s/d, on the flow patterns in side-by-side and tandem arrangements. The Navier-Stokes equations are discretized using finite difference method to determine the time history of velocity vector in the flow field. The Reynolds numbers, Re, is ranged from 30 to 300 and gap spacing, s/d, is varied from 0.0 to 2.5 for side-by-side and 0.0 to 5.0 for tandem, respectively. The results are compared with the experimental results with the aid of flow visualization method. The study discloses that (i) the generations of Karman vortex streets behind the diamond-shaped cylinders are intensified with an increase in the Reynolds number, (ii) the categorized flow patterns in the wake region of the diamond-shaped islands are affected by s/d, and (iii) the vortex shedding frequency in the wake of diamond-shaped cylinders depends on both the gap spacing and the formation of the vortices.

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