Unsteady flow analysis in water power stations is one of the most important issues in order to predict undesirable pressure variations in waterways and also probable changes in rotor speed for the power plants safe operation. Installation of surge tank and relief valve is the two main methods for controlling of hydraulic transient. The relief valve is used in several medium and small hydropower stations instead of the surge tank and mounted on the penstock near the powerhouse. The recent generation of relief valves are reliable and beneficial and consist of fully control system that directly conducted by governor. This paper presents a numerical method for transient flow in hydropower stations using surge tank and relief valve. For this purpose the governing equations of transient flow in closed conduit are solved using the method of characteristics (MOC) using unsteady friction. Hydraulic turbine, surge tank and relief valve are considered as internal boundary conditions. The influence of surge tank and also relief valve on the maximum pressure in spiral case and turbine over speed has been studied for a real case. The results show that the transient condition is considerably improved by using a relief valve and this device can be mounted in lieu of an expensive surge tank.

You do not currently have access to this content.