There are extremely important applications to investigate the control of contact between the end-effectors and the object. During controlling an object, static or in motion, the robot arm should not be damaged. Forces are important in such conditions. The forces between the end-effectors and the object have to be controlled. The motion of the robot arm changes forces. Thats why, to control forces, a force kontrol algorithm must be developed. Previous conventional force control algorithms could not control the robot effectively by only considering the variation of working environment. In this study, a control algorithm strategy to achieve the desired interactions forces between the robot end-effector and the environment during contact tasks, has been developed. The surface of the object and robot are very stiff, thus contact spring coefficient Kc is very large, because of this Kc effect, the results of the forces simulation results, but we get suitable results. Study include, modelling robot arm, evaluating measured forces during contact and constructing a suitable force control algorithm, dynamics, kinematics and simulation results. In this study, we used impedans control which the surface of the object is very stiff, as known as impedance control does not try to track position and force trajectories directly, but rather to regulate the dynamic relationship between the contact forces and manipulator positions, namely the mechanical impedance. Impedance control focused on the design of a robot’s dynamic behavior as seen from the environment. In this control strategy, no hardware or software, switch is needed in the robot’s control system when the robot travels from the free motion space to the constrained space. The force feedback loop closes naturally as soon as the robot interacts with the environment, which changes the robot’s impedance as seen from the environment. By controlling the manipulator positions, and regulating their relationship to the contact forces, the manipulator can be controlled to maintain appropriate contact forces.

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