Most of the mechanical systems are composed of different subsystems coupled by several links. Any excitation acting on the system is divided into several internal forces which propagate through these links or so called transfer paths. This paper presents the use of experimental transfer path analysis in identifying the transmission paths for a heavy duty truck in order to estimate the vibration and noise transmitted from the cabin and engine mounts. The most challenging part of the TPA analysis is estimation of the internal operational forces so that the total response can be predicted accurately. At the circumstances where direct measurement of the operational forces is impossible, especially for complex structures, a common approach to address the problem is based on a measured frequency response function (FRF) matrix and a set of operational responses. The main problem of this approach is the inversion of the FRF matrices which can be ill-conditioned. Once the internal operational forces are estimated, the vibration or noise response for the selected location in the truck can be calculated. To validate the predicted results, coherence of the collected data and the condition numbers of FRF matrices are investigated so that the accuracy of the predicted results can be quantified for the frequency band of interest. The predictions of the total response are compared with the experimentally measured data such that the coherence and condition number related observations are validated.

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