This paper deals with design and manufacturing of a mechanical variable valve actuation (VVA) system, developed as part of a MUR financed research project concerning the realization of a high performance motorcycle engine, through a partnership of Moto Morini (Bologna), Dell’Orto (Milano), Istituto Motori - CNR (Napoli) and DiME (Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energetics) – University of Napoli Federico II.
After a synthetic description of the main variable valve actuation methods currently employed, the paper presents the results of our mechanical VVA system, consisting of three main elements: cam, main rocker arm with fixed fulcrum and secondary rocker arm with mobile fulcrum. This VVA system (system 1) enables valve lift variation by a simple translation of one of the three elements (the intermediate one). The study has been conducted implementing a numerical procedure specifically designed to determine cam profile and kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the whole system, starting from the following input data: rocker arm geometry, relative positions and inertial data of elements, spring stiffness and preloading, camshaft speed and valve lift law. The model has been validated against the conventional timing system using kinematic simulations. Results of the numerical procedure verify the validity of the VVA system, capable of a valve lift variation, with a limited acceleration. Starting from the numerical results, we have developed a new mechanical variable valve actuation system (system 2): it consists of the same three elements used previously, but they are connected in a different way. The newer system enables more general lift profile distributions with a similar geometric complexity. The activity has been extended to research for a new solution (always a mechanical system), capable to allow inlet valves complete closing and timing and duration variation (system 3).
This paper reports results reachable with the simplest system 1, that gives better perspectives of use for a new two-wheel vehicle engine.