For a steady state convection problem, assuming given concentration field values in a few measurement points and hydraulic head values in the same piezometers, the source of the concentration, and its intensity are deduced using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). ANNs are trained with data extracted from Finite Difference (FD) solution of a classical convection problem for small Peclet number. The numerical analysis is exemplified for vanishing, homogeneous and non-homogeneous field of velocity. It is shown that the diffusivity vector can also be identified. The complexity of the problem is discussed for each studied case.

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