A general approach to modelling chemical degradation processes in cement based materials, due to combined action of hygro-thermal, chemical and mechanical loads, is presented. Mechanics of multiphase porous media and damage mechanics are applied for this purpose. The mass-, energy- and momentum balance equations, and constitutive and physical relations are briefly presented, and then numerically solved with the finite element method. Several examples of the model application for analysing ions transport and degradation processes of concrete due to chemical attack of pure water, salt crystallisation and alkali-silica reaction are presented and discussed.

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