Whiplash injury/disorder is a common neck-injury in road traffic accidents. This paper introduces energy absorbing car-seat concepts which can reduce the risk of whiplash injuries. Computational multi-body models of a generic car seat and a biofidelic 50th-percentile male human model for rear impact are developed to assess the effectiveness of the proposed car-seat concepts. The numerical sled-test-simulations show that the proposed car-seat concepts can successfully mitigate whiplash injuries for a wide range of crash severity by utilising energy absorbing devices which can remain reusable after a rear-impact. A physical model of a proposed car-seat concept is built and tested to verify the computational models.
Whiplash Protection by Energy Absorbing Car-Seat Concepts
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Himmetoglu, S, Acar, M, Bouazza-Marouf, K, & Taylor, AJ. "Whiplash Protection by Energy Absorbing Car-Seat Concepts." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis. ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, Volume 3. Istanbul, Turkey. July 12–14, 2010. pp. 311-320. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2010-25297
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