The problem of natural convection radiation with the presence of participating fluid in a tilted square cavity has been investigated numerically. Two vertical walls are at uniform different temperatures while the others are adiabatic. The working fluid is taken as grey, absorbing, emitting and non-scattering. The finite volume method is used to solve the dimensionless governing equations and SIMPLE algorithm is applied for pressure velocity coupling. The radiative heat flux gradient is estimated by finding radiative intensities from the radiative transfer equation (RTE). A very recent method, called the QL method, is utilized to solve RTE. In this study the effects of the inclination angle, Rayleigh number and optical thickness on the heat transfer and flow characteristics are studied. A great accuracy in the results was observed in the prediction of flow contours and average radiative and convective Nusselt numbers at walls.

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