High-speed machining is widely applied for the processing of lightweight materials and also structural and tool steels. These materials are intensively used in the aerospace and the automotive industries. The advantages of high-speed machining lie not only in the speed of machining (lower costs and higher productivity) but also in attaining higher surface quality (prescribed surface roughness without surface defects). Based on this concept, in the present paper the high speed-dry turning of AISI O, (manganese-chromium-tungsten / W.-Nr. 1.2510) tool-steel specimens is reported. The influence of the main machining parameters i.e., cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut on the resulted center-line average surface roughness (Ra) is examined. Types of wear phenomena occurred during the course of the present experimental study as well as tool wear patterns were also monitored.

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