This paper proposes a learning environment in which manual operations of school chemistry laboratory experiments, such as titration and aliquoting, are automated by means of computer controlled devices. The educational study focuses on characteristics of learning in the automated laboratory environment. Pilot teaching indicated that using automation devices significantly reduces the performance time of titration laboratory work. The students also noted that automated titration experiments are more simple and accurate. Therefore, automation of manual operations in laboratory practice has been found to provide a very positive learning environment.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.