Hybrid Liquid Desiccant Cooling / Vapour Compression Systems is an environmentally friendly technology used to condition the internal environment of buildings. In contrast to conventional vapor compression air conditioning systems, in which the electrical energy drives the cooling cycle, desiccant cooling is heat driven; therefore, hybrid LDC/VCS have the potential to utilise cleaner energy sources such as gas, hot water, waste heat or solar thermal energy. In hybrid LDC/VCS, the latent cooling load is handled by the desiccant dehumidifier, while the sensible is handled by a conventional VCS. Hybrid systems combining liquid desiccant cooling with Vapor Compression Systems, Vapor Absorption Systems and Solar Collectors use less electrical energy compared to conventional air-conditioning alone, while these savings rise as the latent load increases. Unlike other surveys on desiccant cooling, this review focuses on a detailed coverage of the hybrid LDC/VC systems. Commonly used liquid desiccants are compared towards their physical properties. Hybrid LDC/VCS employing various components and features are summarized, while different system configurations are schematically presented. Key factors for the hybrid system performance are the desiccant material, the design variables and the conduction of experiments prior to operation.

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