Water fogging of inlet air has become widely acceptable for gas turbine power augmentation. Fogging systems are generally designed for a specific set of conditions called the design point. As a rule, the design point is specified to provide the maximum capacity of the fogging system at extreme ambient temperatures, when gas turbine power output is maximally decreased. Since the extreme ambient conditions rarely occur, the fogging system primarily operates at partial loads, when only a part of the installed cooling stages is in operation. At partial loads the fogging system does not provide uniform fogging of the inlet air, which could result in insufficient fog evaporation, less air-cooling and entrainment of non-evaporated water into the compressor. Prolonged operation at such off-design conditions requires careful tuning of the system in order to maximize cooling efficiency and eliminate a possible impact on gas turbine maintenance. This requires clear understanding of conceptual features of thin droplets evaporation and fog cloud behavior inside gas turbine inlet ducts. To this purpose, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was used. A CFD model is described, which comprises a straight duct equipped with fog nozzles operating in conditions similar to field conditions at design point, as well as, at partial load operation of the fogging system. The study focused on problems, which are critical in design and operation of real fogging systems, namely: single droplet, mono- and poly-fraction fog evaporation; influence of flow turbulent intensity; fog cloud shape and dimensions; polyfraction fog evaporation in the wide range of ambient conditions; over-spray and under-spray operation of the fogging system. The study results were helpful in the tuning of the installed fogging systems to site specific ambient conditions that provided efficient cooling with safe compressor operation. These results should be useful to both designers and operators of the fogging systems.
Parametric Study of Installed Fogging Systems Using CFD Model
Hain, Y, Litinetski, V, & Litinetsky, A. "Parametric Study of Installed Fogging Systems Using CFD Model." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 9th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis. Volume 1: Advanced Energy Systems; Advanced and Digital Manufacturing; Advanced Materials; Aerospace. Haifa, Israel. July 7–9, 2008. pp. 25-33. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2008-59181
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