Race cars are characterized by very high drive torques and handling performances. However, high torques are useless if they cannot be converted into vehicle acceleration due to macro-slippage of the driven tyres. On the other hand, extreme handling performances are obtained by designing a vehicle that is almost unstable. Thus, small driver errors can lead to a sudden and unexpected off-road. Traction and instability control is of fundamental importance to avoid macro-sliding of the tyres and to combine extremely high handling performances with a safety margin that allows the driver to stabilize the vehicle.

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