The objective of this work is to present a mathematical model which studies helical gears made of a material with a small modulus of elasticity, when one or more pairs of teeth mesh prematurely during engagement. This phenomenon may lead to the modification of the load distribution on the teeth which are initially in contact and to a kind of interference causing additional tooth wear of the gear. In this case, the calculation of the contact ratio must account for the real number of pairs of teeth in contact. This is especially important when large deformations occur as is confirmed in the results presented to confirm the validity of the proposed method.

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