Falling particle receivers are an emerging technology for use in concentrating solar power systems. In this work, a staggered angle iron receiver concept is investigated, with the goals of increasing particle curtain stability and opacity in a receiver. The concept consists of angle iron-shaped troughs placed in line with a falling particle curtain in order to collect particles and rerelease them, decreasing the downward velocity of the particles and the curtain spread. A particle flow test apparatus has been fabricated. The effect of staggered angle iron trough geometry, orientation, and position on the opacity and uniformity of a falling particle curtain for different particle linear mass flow rates is investigated using the particle flow test apparatus. For the baseline free falling curtain and for different trough configurations, particle curtain transmissivity is measured, and profile images of the particle curtain are taken. Particle mass flow rate and trough position affect curtain transmissivity more than trough orientation and geometry. Optimal trough position for a given particle mass flow rate can result in improved curtain stability and decreased transmissivity. The case with a slot depth of 1/4″, hybrid trough geometry at 36″ below the slot resulted in the largest improvement over the baseline curtain: 0.40 transmissivity for the baseline and 0.14 transmissivity with the trough. However, some trough configurations have a detrimental effect on curtain stability and result in increased curtain transmissivity and/or substantial particle bouncing.

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